Seasonal allergies, also known as hay fever or allergic rhinitis, affect millions of people worldwide. These allergies occur during specific times of the year when certain allergens are in the air. Understanding seasonal allergies, their causes, symptoms, and management is essential for those who suffer from them. Why is Lorine the best medicine for allergy? Read here the reasons.
What are seasonal allergies?
Seasonal allergies are allergic reactions to airborne particles, primarily pollen from trees, grasses, and weeds. When these allergens enter the body through inhalation or contact with the eyes and skin, the immune system overreacts, leading to various symptoms.
Common allergen triggers:
The most common seasonal allergens include:
- Tree pollen: Trees like oak, birch, cedar, and maple release pollen in the spring.
- Grass pollen: Grasses such as Bermuda, Kentucky bluegrass, and Timothy grass release pollen in late spring and early summer.
- Weed pollen: Ragweed, sagebrush, and lamb’s quarters release pollen in late summer and fall.
- Mold spores: Mold spores can be a year-round problem but are more prevalent in warm, humid conditions.
Symptoms of seasonal allergies:
Seasonal allergy symptoms can vary in severity but commonly include:
- Sneezing: Frequent and uncontrollable sneezing.
- Runny or stuffy nose: A congested or runny nose, often accompanied by itching.
- Itchy, watery eyes: Irritated and red eyes with a sensation of itching and tearing.
- Coughing and throat irritation: Persistent cough and sore throat.
- Fatigue: Allergies can lead to exhaustion due to disrupted sleep and constant discomfort.
Diagnosis and testing:
If you suspect seasonal allergies, consult an allergist. They may conduct tests such as skin prick tests or blood tests to identify specific allergens triggering your symptoms.
Managing seasonal allergies involves a combination of strategies:
- Avoidance: Try to avoid allergens by keeping windows closed during high pollen seasons, using air purifiers, and staying indoors on windy days.
- Medications: Over-the-counter antihistamines, decongestants, and prescription nasal corticosteroids can provide relief.
- Immunotherapy: Allergy shots or sublingual tablets can help desensitize your immune system to allergens, reducing symptoms.
- Allergy-friendly Lifestyle: Shower and change clothes after spending time outdoors, and avoid drying laundry outside during high pollen periods.
Some individuals find relief through natural remedies, including local honey consumption, saline nasal rinses, and herbal supplements like butterbur and quercetin. However, their effectiveness varies from person to person.